Bill Gates is funding a project to eclipse the sun

Bill Gates is funding a project to eclipse the sun.

Microsoft founder and one of the richest people in the world, Bill Gates, funded the development of solar eclipse technology. The project envisions the scattering of fine particles in the upper atmosphere potentially reflecting sunlight, causing a global cooling effect, according to Forbes.

The SCoPEx project, launched by scientists at Harvard University, aims to investigate this solution by spraying non-toxic calcium carbonate (CaCO3) powder into the stratosphere. Scientists are convinced that the sun-reflecting aerosol can compensate for the effects of global warming.

SCoPEx will take a small step in its early research in June near the city of Kiruna, Sweden, where the Swedish Space Corporation agreed to help launch a balloon carrying scientific equipment 20 km high. The launch will not release stratospheric aerosols. Rather, it will serve as a test for maneuvering the balloon and examining communication and operating systems.

If successful, this could be a step towards a second experimental step to release a small amount of CaCO3 dust into the atmosphere. The balloon will disperse CaCO3 particles at an altitude of between 11 and 50 km. The development of the technology and experiments cost several million dollars, with funding provided by private donors, including the name of Microsoft creator Bill Gates.

Bill Gates is funding a project to eclipse the sun

The exact amount of CaCO3 needed to cool the planet is unknown, and SCoPEx scientists are also unable to confirm whether it is the best stratospheric aerosol for this job.

Proponents of geoengineering cite the global cooling effects of volcanic eruptions that result from the release of sulfur ash into the atmosphere. The eruption of Mount Tambora in 1815 in Indonesia led to the "year without summer", while the eruption of Mount Pinatubo through the Philippines in 1991 lowered average global temperatures by 0.5 ° C.

Deliberate introduction of such particles can potentially counteract greenhouse gas emissions for decades. A report by the US Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change suggests that the SCoPEx procedure could lower global temperatures by a full 1.5 ° C by no more than $ 1-10 billion a year. This can make solar eclipse technology more cost-effective than many methods of reducing greenhouse gases.

Research in the field of geoengineering has been stagnant for years due to controversy. Skeptics believe that the development of such research projects carries unpredictable risks, including extreme changes in weather patterns that are no different from the warming trends we are already witnessing.

David Keith, a professor of applied physics and public policy at Harvard University, acknowledges "the many real concerns" of geoengineering. It is true that no one knows what will happen until CaCO3 is released and then studied afterwards.

Other scientists fear that the eclipse of the sun could have unpredictable effects and lead to not only extreme winters but also poor harvests, which in turn could cause world hunger.

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